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What causes hypertension?

12 May 2007

9 out of 10 people who have hypertension do not have apparent reason for it. However there are certain groups of people who are at higher risk. People who are overweight, smoke, eat salty and fatty regularly, drink excessively, physically inactive or suffer frequent stress are generally at a higher risk of developing high blood pressure.

People who have a family history of hypertension are also more likely to develop hypertension. There are also less common causes of hypertension due to disorders of the kidney and endocrine glands.

What are the complications of hypertension?

People who have hypertension, which is not treated, are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications such as heart attacks, heart failure, kidney damage and stroke compared to people with normal blood pressure.

This risk can be higher if a hypertensive patient has other medical conditions such as diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol.



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